As a guest at De Bloemenbeek, Twente offers you plenty in the way of nature, culture and art. In addition gto castles and manors, museums, theatres and nature reserves, there are a number of exceptional treasures in Twente that are more than worthy of a mention to inspire you!
The farmsteads in northeast Twente are known for their myths and legends.
One of those is Twente’s Stonehenge, a fascinating monument situated opposite the entrance to De Bloemenbeek. It was erected in honour of De Bloemenbeek’s 40th anniversary in 1996. The site was also intended to provide additional parking facilities. This monument can justifiably be regarded as Twente’s modest version of Stonehenge, the fascinating early Stone Age monument in the English county of Wiltshire.
The history of civilisation at this site dates back thousands of years. This is thanks to the availability of a water source in the form of the Bloemenbeek creek and the fertile soil of this area. A region with icy beginnings. Over 130,000 years ag a glacier covered this land, and its movements elevated a section of the Dinkel riverbed.
Further up this 80-metre high push moraine there is boulder clay, which was difficult to process in the past and which caused flooding due to its poor permeability – while the Dinkel River caused flooding lower in the valley. Historically, the flank of the push moraine thus offered the best living conditions and use of land for agriculture.
Together, the two central menhirs and the 12 circle elements form a large flat cross with a vertical beam of 55 metres and a horizontal beam of 34 metres (see Google Earth).
The vertical beam of the cross points exactly south/north (geographical pole). At the south end, which is the top of the cross, there is a group of three menhirs (sacred number) that represent the Holy Trinity. There is one menhir at the north end. The end points of the horizontal beam are also denoted with menhirs (east and west).
The end points of the beams of the menhir cross represent the life elements of air, earth, water and fire. All of these are elements that guests of the country estate hotel encounter during their stay. A sojourn in the scenic Twente countryside, enjoying the partly locally grown, quality produce in our restaurant, the wellness centre, the option of warming yourself beside the open fire, and the hospitality.
Ludger and Wilfried are central to this circular monument. As bearers of the Christian message over 1200 years ago, they hold a bronze cross in their midst. A comet, depicting the star of Bethlehem, has been fixed atop this cross. The comet and cross represent the birth and death of Jesus Christ. The monument pays homage to the Christianisation of this region of the Netherlands. The two`monks’, Ludger and Wilfried, are thus the bringers of Light (and of the sun), or Christianisation. This took place in Twente in the 8th century. The circle of menhirs represents the seven heathen Germanic Gods. Five large boulders have been placed inside the circle, which, together with the menhirs, represent the twelve disciples and form the hour lines of a sundial.
This works as follows; the shadow of the comet indicates solar or local time. Rays of sunlight shining through a hole in the cross onto the granite plate of the calendar indicate the date. The dates of Ludger and Wilfried’s deaths (26 March and 24 April respectively) have been marked, as have the synodic months and a number of other personal dates.
To the south of these ‘monks’ that are central to this monument, people’s heights have been engraved in a small horizontal granite plate. If you stand where your own height is indicated, you can see the North Star as you look over the comet on the cross. If the sky is clear, the sidereal time can be determined in the evening and at night with an instrument called a ‘nocturnal’. It is with good reason that the monument is known colloquially as `Stonehenge-on-Dinkel’. You can carry out various observations here in relation to the constellations.
These new narratives feature continually in the form of buried lead capsules that contain messages, confessions, wishes or notions. Messages are thus buried here on the estate too.
As long as stories are told, there is life. In this sense, the monument is not passive, but active in relation to the environment, serving as a sundial, historic symbol and a tribute to cultural and natural history, and last but not least, a source of spirituality. Take a walk here in the evening when the stars are shining. You will experience a sense of peace, but do not be startled if you hear the call of a ghost owl in the distance. After all, this cross will keep you safe. Not only do we take care of you inside the hotel, but beyond too.
The designer of this monument intentionally applied the special geometric relationship of the division of two line segments. We call this the golden ratio and its history dates back to the era of Pythagoras, or Ancient Greece, over 2000 years ago. From the 19th century, the ratio was also used in art and architecture and use of the term`golden ratio’ became common. The extent to which the ratio appeals to people (subconsciously) is controversial.
The decision to use Bentheimer sandstone as the material for this monument was not incidental. Since the 12th century, quarries in the nearby county of Bentheim have supplied building material for churches, castles and watermills. The Royal Palace of Amsterdam was constructed of Bentheimer sandstone in the 17th century. Bentheimer sandstone is over 130 million years old and actually consists of petrified sea sand. The material is very suitable as a building material and fairly easy to work with. It is also found underground in Losser, where it is known as Gildehauser sandstone. In short, this stone connects the county of Bentheim and Twente deep beneath our feet.